Unicef: in Italy absolute poverty for 1.2 million children
They live in war zones, are victims of child labor, do not have the necessary subsistence: the United Nations body expresses concern about the condition of children. We need more funds and investments, more control and more education on a global level
Share11 June 2019A child in five lives in an area affected by conflict and the number of countries involved in internal or international wars is the highest in the last 30 years. Alarming data collected by UNICEF, the subsidiary body of the United Nations that deals with the rights and conditions of childhood. For 2019, the UN fund calls for 3.9 billion to support its work for the youngest in humanitarian crises. As of 31 May, only 24% of the necessary funding was received. The appeal is therefore addressed to individual states, also because emergencies have increased due to climate change.
Interventions in the world
A widespread displacement, the destruction of civil infrastructures and devastating impacts on the physical and psychological well-being of children have occurred above all in countries where conflicts and the resulting humanitarian crises have lasted for years, such as in Afghanistan, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Iraq, Libya, Mali, Burma, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, Syria, Ukraine and Yemen. The average duration of humanitarian crises is over 9 years. In 2018, UNICEF responded to 87 health crises, 80 natural disasters, 68 socio-political crises and 22 nutritional crises. But if we think that these events concern only distant countries, we are off track. Italy is also directly involved.
Emergencies in Italy
Unicef ??Italia and the Interministerial Committee for Human Rights (Cidu) promoted an event in Rome to discuss the recommendations contained in the 'Concluding Remarks' that the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child has addressed to our country.
"About 10 million children and young people under the age of 18 live in Italy. Over 1.2 million boys and girls live in absolute poverty. 25.7% of young people aged between 18 and 24 do not study, he does not work or is included in training programs, and the disparity in the level of services between the various areas of the country is still very present: in Italy, if a child or a girl is born or grows up in a poorer region, she has less chance of see all its rights realized In this sense, the recommendations contained in the Observations constitute an important litmus test of the progress achieved for the implementation of the Convention on the rights of children and adolescents, as well as of the aspects on which instead it is necessary that all the competent actors continue to work with the utmost commitment, together ", underlined the president of Unicef ??Italy, Francesco Samengo. But the areas of concern contained in the Observations i don't stop there.
Italy must show greater commitment to the right to non-discrimination for all children living in Italy, in particular for unaccompanied minors, second-generation minors and those belonging to minorities, with the recommendation that the Italy considers joining the United Nations Global Compact for safe, orderly and regular migration.
It must carry out activities to promote vaccination, it must ensure economic resources for policies and programs on children, it must guarantee the participation of children in all the decisions that concern them and guarantee full autonomy and independence for the Guarantor Authority for children and children. adolescence and create an independent national institution for human rights as required by the Treaty of Paris.
Child labor in the world
Nearly 1 in 10 children are victims of child labor, a number that increases to around 1 in 5 in Africa. The incidence of child labor in countries affected by armed conflict, where about 250 million children live, is 77% higher than the global average, while the percentage of dangerous jobs is greater than 50%.
In its worst forms, child labor can turn into slavery, sexual and economic exploitation, and death. "Child labor is both a cause and a consequence of poverty: it strengthens social inequalities and discrimination, deprives children of a prosperous future and undermines the well-being of both the State and the individual. It has been shown that child labor directly undermines education, health, including progress against HIV / AIDS, and consequently hinders the ability of children and families to benefit from opportunities for social development and
economic, "said Francesco Samengo.
Unlike activities that help children develop, how to contribute to household chores for a few hours a week or do a "job" during school holidays, child labor interferes with education and is dangerous for physical, mental development, social and / or moral of a child. Unicef ??collaborates closely with national and local governments to support the development and growth of strategies to respond to child labor. For example, in India, 12 states have developed an action plan against child labor and 8 have increased their programs to prevent and end this practice, with the support of Unicef.